Jerusalem - The Masjid Aksa
Jerusalem is the name of the history of 6 thousand years. This makes Jerusalem one of the oldest cities on earth. Jerusalem is a special and holy city for three Abrahamic religions. B.C. Since the 10th century, it is the most sacred city and spiritual center of Jewish.
Jerusalem is the name of the history of 6 thousand years. This makes Jerusalem one of the oldest cities on earth. Jerusalem is a special and holy city for three Abrahamic religions. B.C. Since the 10th century, it is the most sacred city and spiritual center of Jewish. At the same time, the city is where Christianity begins and ends. For Muslims, it is the third holy place after Mecca and Medina. Almost all of the world's population is a common city. It is a reference image that humanity refers to in the process of meaningful interpretation of the world. Jerusalem is a joint project of humanity.
Mosques, churches and synagogues are intertwined. In the early hours of the morning, the noise of muezzins and the burning of the wailing wall in front of the walls of the world is a sight that will not be seen anywhere. Muslims, Jews and Christians travel between sacred sites in the Old City, which does not exceed a thousand square meters.
Temple Mount and the North Wall for Jews, the Church of the Holy Sepulcher is for Christians, and the Sacred Centers for Muslims with the Masjid al-Aqsa Mosque in the Sahara.
The Old Town, which is thought to have been inhabited by people for six thousand years, consists of a rectangular area surrounded by almost 900 meters long walls. The part of Jerusalem within the city wall is called the Old City. As a project, the history of Jerusalem is shaped by the sacred places in this area, which is 900 meters wide. There are 220 religious sites in the Old City of Jerusalem. The most prominent buildings of the city, Suleiman the Magnificent, between 1538 and 1540, built on the ruins of the Crusaders.
While the holy places of the city live in the history of history, the settlements are separated by definite lines. Muslims are concentrated in the old city, especially in the neighborhoods that fall to the north of the Kubbetüins-Sahara, or the Ömer Mosque. It is called Harem-i Şerif where the Kubbetü -s-Sahara and Masjid al-Aqsa was built in the late 7th century. The Wailing Wall is a part of the wall surrounding the Harem-i Sharif. Length 50, height 18 meters. Hz. The Wailing Wall, which is the only remnant of the Temple of Jerusalem built by Solomon, is the place of prayer and place of pilgrimage considered by the Jews.
At the heart of Jerusalem's inability to share is that the settlements, namely the Muslim, Christian and Jewish neighborhoods and the sacred sites, cannot be separated from each other with clear lines. The struggle to take control of this sacred corner is still going underground and above all. The Israelis insist on digging tunnels under the Haram-i Sharif to reach the ruins of the temple. Thus, the dispute gains a multi-layered dimension on both the horizontal axis and the vertical axis. In addition, the holy places of a religion are considered sacred to the other two religions. Al-Aqsa Mosque is a sacred place for Muslims as well as for Jews. The Church of the Holy Sepulcher is a sacred place for Christians. The Wailing Wall, Hz. It is known as the place where the Prophet put his horse Burak on the night of Mirac.
Dome of the Rock
Today, the four-quarter division in the city (Muslim, Christian, Armenian and Jewish neighborhoods) is basically organized around these sacred sites. On the west wall of the Masjid al-Aqsa Mosque and the passage of the Christian Cross (Via Dolorosa) to the Kamame Church again, the passage of the Masjid al-Aqsa along the northern boundary of the Masjid al-Aqsa Mosque, the reason why the neighborhoods are intertwined and the issue of sharing 'Harem-i-Sharif (Mabed Hill) on the better tell the locked. For this reason, the Jews call the ”Lev libo sel Jerusalem’ which means the heart of the Heart of Jerusalem while talking about the Harem-i Sharif.
Al-Aqsa Mosque Path
A significant number of Christian communities live in Jerusalem. Hz. The Church of the Holy Sepulcher, where Jesus was crucified by the Romans, the wooden cross on his back, the Via Dolorosa (the route of the Christian Cross), the Criminal Church where the Roman soldiers placed a prickly olive branch on the head of the Prophet Jesus (pbuh). St. Mary's mother's and father's house instead of sitting in St. The Church of Anna, the church of the Russian and Greek Orthodox, the sacred space of the Ethiopian Catholics represents the different denominations of the Christian community in the city.
From the first settlement of Jerusalem, Salem, Yerushalayim, Yerusalim, Hierusalem, Ursalem, Yebus, Sion, Ir-Davud, Ilya, Medinetü Beyti ,l-Mukaddes, Beytü ,l-Makdis, Darualays-Salem, al-Kuds etc. took their names. In the majority of these names of Jerusalem, the axis of common meaning is based on the words eks peace ortak and oğun sacred büyük. Although Jerusalem preserved its sacred status throughout history, it never achieved peace (except Islam and especially the Ottoman Period). It has become the city of tears and tyranny.